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Aïkido Knowledge base
Kaeshi Wasa
1) Kaeshi-Wasa Ikkyo
2) Kaeshi-Wasa Nikyo
3) Kaeshi-Wasa Kotegaeshi
4) Kaeshi-Wasa Irimi Nage
5) Kaeshi-Wasa Shiho Nage
6) Kaeshi-Wasa Kaiten Nage
Kaeshi-waza 

The variation in Aikido techniques can take place in a flash. These variations mean giving birth to techniques instantaneously while blending harmoniously with your partner. Included in the infinite variations are "Kaeshi-waza" techniques which have been handed down only to higher-dan holders or instructors. There are certain risks in unveiling such Kaeshi-waza, in a book for public consumption. Kaeshi-waza, however, cannot be removed from the major spectrum of Aikido techniques. 

There is a Kaeshi -waza for every technique. But Kaeshi-waza is too dangerous for the beginner. Perfect command of authenic basics and constant harmony with your parnter's movements are the indispensable prerequisites to untrammelled Kaeshi-waza performance. In other words, Kaeshi-waza is a sophisticated art by itself. 

In olden days, Founder Morihei Uyeshiba used to initiate his leading disciples into the art of Kaeshi-waza in strict secrecy as a "manual for martial competition" prior to sending them out in the world as undefeatable instructors. These instructors, armed with Kaeshi-waza, were thus able to gain leadership always in their training sessions even when they were in a defensive position. 

If we run photos of Kaeshi-waza in this book, even the beginner may be able to imitate the techniques to a certain extent. However, this is not only dangerous but also could cause the beginner to regard ordinary training as something not worthy of serious attention. Should that happen, his progress in the mastery of techniques will come to a halt and he will remain an unsatisfactory trainee forever. For this reason, the discussion here is limited to only elementary Kaeshi-waza. The attitude required and hints regarding Kaeshi-waza are highlighted in this section, mainly using Dai-Ikkyo as examples.